A great Roman sanctuary in Sexaginta Prista – Varbin Varbanov
Ruse – Rousse is town from inside the northeast Bulgaria with people of about 180000, off to the right lender of one’s Danube River, near to the lips of Rusenski Lom Lake, reverse brand new Romanian town of Giurgiu, that it’s linked by the Relationship Connection. City of Ruse is found 320 kilometres north-eastern regarding Sofia, 203 km northern-to the west of Varna and 106 kilometres north-east away from Veliko Turnovo and certainly represents new Bulgarian pearl for the this new Danube Lake. The metropolis from Ruse provides a startling multi-ethnic character and is a smartly built combination of Bulgarian and you can Romanian societies. It’s a lovely area which have wide avenues, highest squares and wonderful structures after the a style of “federal Renaissance” architecture. The metropolis from Ruse runs from the residential property-linked Matey isle while the mouth of your own Rusenski Lom Lake on west so you’re able to Srabcheto mountain towards the eastern. Ruse has the most significant river port into the Bulgaria with the Danube River, and therefore suitable area and you can a beneficial associations having another elements of European countries highly resulted in growth of the metropolis from records.
The fresh new fortress out-of Sexaginta Prista endured for pretty much half dozen ages and you will next perished underneath the storms of your Avar invasions
Thracians of your own Getae tribe paid in the Ruse urban area on the sixth century BC and you may composed extremely important trade, religious and you may administrative Thracian (Getic) cardiovascular system . It wasn’t well before Thracians-Getae group felt the latest Roman mail Islandsk ordre brud expansion and you can conquest, to your kingdom gathered a military exposure on basin of one’s Straight down Danube year after year. Th elizabeth Roman state out-of Moesia is created in fifteen Post and are reorganised for the 86 Post for the a few provinces: Moesia premium and Moesia substandard. The fresh new province away from All the way down Moesia secured the biggest section of today North Bulgaria and Northern Dobrudja (inside Romania). The natural north edging is the fresh Danube River toward whoever correct financial Roman posts was in fact discovered. The latest fort out-of Sexaginta Prista is actually section of this chain regarding army camps, located in the proximity of your mouth area of one’s Rusenski Lom Lake, on the main area of the latest town of Ruse-Rousse.
“The newest Roman province away from Moesia are established in 15 A beneficial D and you can is actually reorganised in 86 Ad into the one or two provinces: Moesia advanced and you can Moesia substandard. New province off All the way down Moesia secure the greatest part of nowadays North Bulgaria and you can Northern Dobrudja (in the Romania). Their absolute northern border was new Danube Lake towards whose correct financial Roman listings was indeed discovered. It had been located in the proximity of mouth of your own Rusenski Lom River, on the central an element of the latest city of Rousse…… In the first century A great.D., an excellent Roman navalbase, titled Sexaginta Prista, is actually found at brand new mouth area of theRusenski Lom Lake. Later, the first Roman fort,built inside rule from Emperor Domitian, remaining that it identity. About 2nd century A good.D., a temple intent on Apollo therefore the Tracian Driver are erected along side pit?eld. The website remained an excellent cult centr e to the beginning of 4th century An effective.D., in the event the Later Roman fort away from Sexaginta Prista is built. Brand new principia of the fort had been created along the stays of the temple”.
The fresh new Thracian settlement became a beneficial Roman naval focus on the lower Danube into the 70 An excellent, under Emperor Vespasian. If you’re Nero is the brand new emperor there were here 5 legions, if you are an effective century after Marcus Aurelius produced them 12. The newest old route should have already been founded beneath the Roman Emperor Vespasianus (69-79) just who centered an effective fortress called Sexaginta Prista to your large Danube lake (the harbour of sixty ships), that they resulted in Novae /Svishtov/, Marcianopolis /Devnia/, Odessos /Varna/…. This “city of 60 ships” turned into a major river port with anchoring berths and you can wharfs to have the newest well-known Roman Purple Danube Collection, hence went more than of Noviodunum offer Istrum (today: Isaccea, Romania) and you can regulated and you may protected the whole economic and you will armed forces website visitors anywhere between this new Black colored Sea, the newest Danube Delta and Metal Gates of Danube. Excavations have introduced proof one to throughout Trapaign contrary to the Dacians, Sexaginta Prista is actually part of the ft from his warships. Sexaginta Prista is apply this new Roman chart from army routes Tabula Pointingeriana one to Marcus Agrippa received in the first century. From the 6th century Byzantine Emperor Justinian completely strengthened it and you may the place turned into a key component of your Byzantine defense system hence, but not, surrendered for the barbarian waves. For hundreds of years pursuing the woeful shadow out of depletion troubled the area and there wasn’t a local, restored between the 9th and the 11th century. The brand new Bulgarian feudal condition got a benefit in the kind and you can insignificant change, therefore, the settlement to the big river is nearly derelict. The Turks who enjoyed the town a whole lot made use of a great diminutive setting, Roustchouk.